Tommy John surgery involves repair of an injured elbow ligament. The surgery is named after Tommy John, a former Los Angeles Dodgers pitcher who had the first procedure of this kind in 1974. Often called ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) reconstruction, Tommy John surgery is done to repair the injured UCL elbow ligament following an injury,

A superior labrum anterior and posterior (SLAP) tear is an injury to the labrum, which is a cartilage ring that surrounds the shoulder joint socket. The shoulder is made of three bones: the humerus (upper arm bone), the scapula (shoulder blade), and the clavicle (collarbone). The head of the humerus fits into a round socket

A distal biceps rupture occurs when the tendon that attaches the biceps muscle to the elbow tears from the bone. This injury occurs most often in middle-aged men who do heaving lifting and labor work. The biceps muscle extends from the shoulder to the elbow on the front region of the upper arm. Two separate

Unlike most medical terms, “Runner’s Knee” refers to a blanket term that actually includes a number of disorders that differ in cause. Although each of these conditions may result in seeking treatment from an orthopedic doctor, they also vary in severity. It may result from any of the following: •    Overuse, more specifically from repeatedly

Tennis elbow is a painful condition that is frequently trivialized by those who do not have it. The condition is basically a soreness or pain in the elbow that results from damage to tendons in this area that results from repeated actions such as those made when playing racquet sports. The pain may be localized

The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is often torn during blunt trauma to the knee. Surgery is often required to replace the ACL. One of the ways the surgery is done is to take a piece of the hamstring tendon from behind the knee and replace the damaged ACL with it. This is known as an

Articular cartilage injuries do not self-repair easily. Luckily, there is new advanced technology that can be used for a wide variety of injuries and orthopedic problems to repair damaged cartilage and reduce permanent disability in the patient. The most advanced cartilage repair techniques is the articular chondrocyte implantation (ACI), which leads to a normally functioning

One of the important risks facing teenage athletes, osteochondritis dissecans is most likely in children between 10 and 16. It can affect either the knee or the elbow.This is a particular type of damage to the cartilage that pads and lubricates the bones meeting at these joints, which also affects the underlying bone. Although severe

Patella realignment surgery is an effective means of stabilizing the knee joint. Patellofemoral pain and instability are difficult to treat. Occasionally, the thigh muscles can be retrained and strengthened to stabilize the patella through physical therapy. Many orthopedic surgeons will order a knee brace to centralize the kneecap and prevent pain and other symptoms The

In the United States, there are around 200,000 ACL tears each year and 100,000 ACL repairs are performed on these tears annually. High school, college, and professional football players often experience ACL tears, which can greatly affect their athletic careers. Approximately eight percent of all football players of the National Invitational Camp have a history

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