When deciding how to treat a torn meniscus, there are numerous things to consider, such as your activity level, age, the location and extent of the tear, the doctor’s preference, and when the injury occurred. Treatment options include conservative measures, such as rest, ice therapy, compression and elevation, physical therapy, and a temporary knee brace.

Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction surgery is done to rebuild the ligament in the center of the knee. The ACL keeps the tibia (shin bone) in position. Any tear to the ligament will cause the knee to give way during exercise and activity. An ACL injury is often called a sprain, which is torn fibers

There are many surgical procedures for problems with knee cartilage. Articular cartilage is a white, smooth tissue that covers the bone ends at the area where bones come together to form joints. If cartilage is not healthy, the joints become stiff and painful. Healthy cartilage is necessary for bones to glide across each other without

The shoulder joint may feel like a sturdy joint, but it’s actually relatively unstable in construction. The joint trades stability for mobility, allowing both arms to move in almost all directions to lift objects of various weights. The shoulder joint, as a ball and socket joint, is supported by the four rotator cuff muscles—the teres

The shoulder consists of a ball and socket joint, which forms at the head of the humerus, also known as the arm bone, and the glenoid labrum, the socket of the scapula’s shoulder joint. This construction makes the shoulder joint incredibly mobile, allowing the arm to move in most directions. However, this freedom of mobility

Tennis elbow, also called lateral epicondylitis, is inflammation of the outer tendon of the elbow. Usually, this condition causes pain and occurs from a strain injury to the tendon during backhand tennis hitting. The inflammation occurs at the outer aspect of the humerus bone at the elbow joint, called the epicondyle. When the inflammation occurs

Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries often require reconstruction and repair of this fibrous structure. ACL reconstruction involves the use of a graft to replace the damaged ligament. The most common grafts used come from the patient’s own body, such as one of the hamstring tendons or the patellar tendon (from the kneecap region). A less

What is the anatomy of the shoulder? Your shoulder is a ball and socket joint that connects the humerus (upper arm bone) to the clavicle (collarbone) and the scapula (shoulder blade). Because of its configuration, you can freely move your shoulder across a wide range of motion. The shoulder has four rotator cuff muscles that

What is shoulder dislocation? The shoulder joint follows a ball and socket configuration, where the humeral head is centered within the glenoid fossa. Shoulder dislocation occurs when the humeral head is displaced from its normal position. Dislocation is considered partial when the humeral head is not entirely out of the glenoid fossa. A complete dislocation

Shoulder pain affects everyone from time to time. Sometimes the shoulder can be overextended or fatigued from overuse. However, there can be times when shoulder pain may not go away or becomes worse over time. This is when you should see your orthopedic Phoenix physician to have it diagnosed and treated, so you can get