Fat Derived Stem Cell Therapy For Osteonecrosis Of The Knee

by / Friday, 31 May 2019 / Published in Arthritis, Blog, Knee Pain, Sports Medicine, Stem Cell Therapy

As we age our bones naturally become weaker, especially if our diets lack the proper amount of calcium. Bones can also degenerate if they do not receive a steady supply of blood to provide them with the vitamins and nutrients our blood delivers. Stem cells are able to repair damaged areas due to lack of blood, even bone tissue.


What Are Fat Derive Stem Cells?


Stem cells are the starting point for all our body’s cells and can become any type of new cell or tissue. They are a major part of regenerative medicine practices because of their ability to restore function to damaged tissue by stimulating natural healing properties we already have in our body. Recently, various types of stem cells have been studied for their use as a treatment in regenerative medicine like adipose-derived stem cells, bone marrow-derived stem cells, and stem cells from fetal tissue. The least controversial method is harvesting stem cells is from fat tissue because much less painful than bone marrow harvesting practices. Adipose-derived stem cells are taken from a patient’s fat tissue in a minimally invasive procedure, unlike harvesting stem cells from bone marrow tissue. These stem cells taken from fat tissue that are abundant in fat deposits that we all have. Adipose-derived stem cells are blank slates that can be programmed to be any other mesenchymal cell. Also, the number of fat stem cells you have never decrease with age as bone marrow stem cells do.

Your knee is the largest and strongest joint in your body

What Is Osteonecrosis Of The Knee?


Osteonecrosis of the knee also called avascular necrosis, is a painful condition that occurs when the blood supply to a section of bone in the femur or tibia is disrupted. Because bone cells need a steady supply of blood to stay healthy, osteonecrosis can lead to the destruction of the knee joint and you can eventually develop severe arthritis. Your knee is the largest and strongest joint in your body. It is made up of the lower end of the femur, located in the thigh, and the upper end of the tibia, located in your shin, and the kneecap. Where the ends of these three bones touch are covered with articular cartilage, which is a smooth, slippery substance that protects the bones and enables easy movement and cushioning. Osteonecrosis of the knee most often occurs in the knobby portion of the thighbone, on the inside of the knee. However, it may also occur on the outside of the knee, or on the flat top of the shinbone.


How Can Stem Cells Help My Osteonecrosis Of The Knee?


A lack of proper blood flow to the knee due to arthritis is the cause of osteonecrosis in the knee. This lack of blood flow starts to weaken the bones of the thigh and shin, and bone cells die. Clinical studies have tested the effectiveness of adipose-derived stem cells on the degeneration of bone from osteonecrosis of the knee. They are able to increase the amount of healthy, new bone cells to the injured knee, thigh and shin bones, reducing the pain felt from movement and increasing range of motion.