Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis

by / Wednesday, 30 October 2019 / Published in Blog

There are so many different kinds of conditions that qualify as arthritis. However, many people go on enduring the pain of arthritis without ever being properly diagnosed.

If you believe you have arthritis, it’s best to see an orthopedic doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment.

The two most common forms of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

Osteoarthritis

Also known as “The Wear and Tear” disease, osteoarthritis (OA) occurs when the smooth cartilage that cushions the joint wears down, due to overuse and stress. As a result, the person experiences painful bone on bone rubbing that can make even the most basic movements painful. Osteoarthritis is a degenerative form of arthritis that ultimately destroys cartilage over time.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Unlike osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease. The immune system, of a person with rheumatoid arthritis, actually turns on itself, causing a variety of painful outcomes. The breakdown of the immune system causes the synovial membrane surrounding joints to be damaged, causing extreme pain and discomfort.

RA shares some symptoms with OA, mainly pain and swelling in joints. However, a person with rheumatoid arthritis might experience a loss of appetite, fevers, and even anemia, accompanied by fatigue.

While OA tends to affect only certain overworked joints, RA often attacks joints symmetrically (the same joint (e.g., hips or knees) on the opposite side of the body). Unfortunately, people with RA can also contract OA.

 

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