Drop foot is the general term used to describe the difficulty in lifting the front part of the foot. This results in dragging of the foot on the ground when an affected individual is walking.
Drop foot isn’t a disease but rather a sign of an underlying anatomical, muscular, or neurological condition or problem.
Causes and Risk Factors
Drop foot is caused by paralysis or weakness of the muscles that are involved with lifting the front aspect of the foot and causes of this issue may include:
Risk factors that can lead to drop foot include those that may result in compression of the peroneal nerve and these include:
The following symptoms are characteristic of drop foot:
The treatment for drop foot will depend on the cause of the problem. If the cause of the issue is managed successfully then the drop foot may improve or even disappear. If the cause of the drop foot cannot be treated then the problem may become permanent.
Drop foot can be treated in the following ways:
If the mentioned therapies are ineffective, the drop foot is acute, and depending on the cause of the problem, surgery on the peroneal nerve may be indicated. If the drop foot is chronic, a fusion of the ankle or foot bones or grafting a functional tendon and muscle to a different part of the foot may have to be performed.
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