Joint pain is referred as aches, discomfort, and soreness of any body joint. The knee joint is affected by chronic pain more than any other joint in the body. The main cause of chronic knee pain is arthritis, which also is associated with swelling, tenderness around the joint, and loss of function. Causes of Knee

Knee pain is the most common reason for primary care doctor visits. In addition, 30% of orthopedic complaints are related to knee pain. Overall, half of all athletes have some type of knee pain during their lives. The knee is considered an “at risk” joint. These means that the structure of the knee places mechanical

Shoulder pain can interfere with usual activities and become a chronic problem. The shoulder is a complex joint that can move through many ranges-of-motion. Injury to the shoulder can quickly be a problem even at a desk job. The shoulder can become injured in isolation or in conjunction with the arm, neck, back, or chest.

Shoulder instability means the shoulder joint is not stable, and slides around too much in the socket. For some patients, the unstable shoulder slips out of the socket, which is caused subluxation. If left untreated, shoulder instability leads to shoulder joint arthritis. What parts of the shoulder are affected by instability? The shoulder is made

Rotator cuff repair surgery is used to repair a torn shoulder tendon or muscle, or to repair a group of tendons and muscles. This procedure is done with a large open incision, or through a buttonhole-sized incision via shoulder arthroscopy.   What is the rotator cuff?   The rotator cuff is a group of muscles

The knee is the largest joint of the body and it plays a vital role in weight-bearing and movement of the body. It is also one of the most complex joints of the human body. Ligaments are fibrous tissues that connect bones. There are two sets of ligaments in the knee: the cruciate ligaments –

The shoulder is the most mobile joint and has a great range of motion as it is a ball and socket joint. It is however, shallower than the hip joint (also ball and socket) and this causes it to be more unstable. The shoulder joint consists of the head of the humerus (arm bone) and

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Frozen Shoulder Syndrome   Frozen shoulder is a painful, chronic condition characterized by loss of motion and inflammation. This condition results from injury, trauma, or previous shoulder surgery.   How common is frozen shoulder syndrome?   Frozen shoulder syndrome is not common among young people. However, it is usually found in the 40+ age group,

Labral Tear Repair   Labral repair is a surgery use to correct damage to the shoulder joint cartilage. Labral tears are a common type of sports injury, and they often occur along with shoulder dislocation. Overhead throwing athletes are at high risk for labral tears.   What is the labrum?   The labrum in the

Shoulder Sports Injuries   When someone has a shoulder injury, the trunk and spine are also affected. The main goals of treating a shoulder sports injury are to regain proper shoulder joint stability and to re-establish the patient’s kinetic chain (muscles and joints extending from the core of the body to the hand). All trunk

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